The Ebola virus is a highly infectious & often fatal virus that belongs to the family of Filoviridae.
It was first identified in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) near the Ebola River is now, which gave the virus its name.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is caused by infection with one of the five known strains of the virus.
It is transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals, such as fruit bats or monkeys, or through contact with the bodily fluids of infected humans.
EVD is not airborne, & it is not transmitted through casual contact with an infected person. Symptoms of EVD usually begin within 2 to 21 days after infection & can include fever, headache, muscle & joint pain, weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, & bleeding.
The disease can progress rapidly, leading to severe internal bleeding & organ failure, & can be fatal in up to 90% of cases.
There is currently no specific treatment for EVD, & supportive care is the primary form of treatment. This can include administering fluids & electrolytes, maintaining oxygen levels, treating secondary infections, & providing pain relief.
Preventing the spread of EVD requires strict infection control measures, including wearing personal protective equipment (PPE), isolating infected patients, & implementing appropriate disinfection procedures.
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